Children, just like adults, can either be born with a disability or obtain one from a traumatic incident. In this article, we’re going to explore a couple extremely common conditions that are seen in children and how they affect a child both in body and mind.
- Down Syndrome: Is a rather common genetic disorder that affects children upon being born. It is a result of a third copy of the chromosome 21, which is easily distinguishable through the child’s particular set of features. The extra chromosome creates a distinctive look to only those who suffer from Down Syndrome. Children with the condition will have delays in physical and cognitive growth. Many children also suffer from a low IQ, however, with support and love they can lead relatively normal lives.
- Cerebral Palsy: Has many causes, including physical trauma to the mother during term, or infections that are contracted. Cerebral Palsy is a physical condition where lesions in the brain cause issues with movement. This can include motor control movement, involuntary spasms, paralysis and visual impairment. In most cases, children with this condition require the use of a wheelchair.
- Autism Spectrum Disorders: Both Asperger’s and Autism are put together on this spectrum. In most cases, children who suffer from either of these will have some form of delay in cognitive functions, will have trouble socializing and may have trouble with non-verbal and verbal communication. Unfortunately, children with any condition that falls under the spectrum are likely to be misunderstood by their peers. Those who specifically suffer from autism, will need guidance through school as they need close monitoring and one on one sessions.
- ADD/ADHD: Attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder makes it so that the child can get easily distracted, become lethargic or have trouble paying attention over long periods of time. They often procrastinate a lot as well and can be extremely forgetful. This can have an adverse affect on their self-esteem if they are constantly getting judged by those around them.
- Aphasia: Children who suffer from aphasia have trouble with language. This includes receiving information, forming speech and communicating. In severe cases, a child’s writing skills may also be affected. Aphasia is caused by injury to the head either during term or after birth. Those with aphasia need to be monitored as stressful situations can cause the child to become alarmed. When they become alarmed, they can lash out causing confusion to those around them. They need to be monitored 24/7 and have professional help with education.
In addition to the above, fetal alcohol syndrome is a leading cause of intellectual disabilities among children as it causes severe damage to a child’s brain throughout pregnancy which can cause issues with a child’s nervous system, physical characteristics and other functional systems.