In the United Kingdom and many other countries, it is against the law to discriminate between two people at workplace due to any personal characteristic, e.g. being disabled. The discrimination must not be necessarily directly illegal; any indirect discrimination that favors one group of people over the other is included in it.
3 out of 5 disabled people quit their jobs because of the difficulties they face with the working environment. The disabled people have quite a lot of potential, they might have one impairment but they are talented in some other way. Employers are being encouraged by many organizations to hire people with disabilities for the betterment of their organization. I am providing here some very useful suggestions for the employers on how to make suitable adjustments for people with disabilities so that they can stay in work.
People with Hearing Impairment:
An employee might have partial or complete hearing impairment. The problem could have been since birth or it might have gradually increased over time. The employee should make suitable adjustments for such a person. He should provide adapted telephones with adjustable volume. The seat allotted to him should be away from the distracting noises, in a quiet area. Moreover, the information should be provided to him in accessible formats, like written data.
People with Visual Impairment:
Such people should be provided with documents in Braille format or audio form. A special tour of the workplace should be arranged for them so that they become familiar with the surroundings. If they are provided with software or technology that converts text to sound or magnifies the onscreen image, they will feel comfortable. Advances in technology have made it possible for the partially sighted as well as blind people to overcome many barriers and stay in work. If provided with the right training and technology and if they have good skills and experience, they can do just any job.
People with Physical Impairment:
Physical impairment limits the ability of a person to do physical activity like walking. Some invisible impairment like epilepsy and respiratory malfunctions are also included in this category. For such people, assistive equipments like voice activated software can help. They usually have their own mobility aids but the company can also offer them one, just to keep the potential employee stay in work. The employee should either let the person work at ground-floor or make sure that there are wheelchair ramps present at the required places and that the way is obstruction-free.
People with Mental Disturbances:
There can be an employee who is going through some disturbed mental condition like anxiety, depression or bipolar disorder. By understanding his problem and with the support of the employer, such a person can succeed at a job. The employers should give them liberty in selecting their start and end times or part times and should allow them to have adaptable break times. His colleagues should be encouraged to help him out in planning and managing the tasks. Even providing them a quiet place to work peacefully will help.
People with Dyslexia or ASCs:
A person having Autistic Spectrum Conditions (ASCs) has difficulties with communication, meeting new people and understanding others feelings but they have sharp memory for figures and are accurate at their work. Adjustment that can be made for such people is to avoid language that is abstract. Similarly people with dyslexia face difficulty in reading and writing but they are very innovative and creative. Such employees should be allowed to use digital recorder to record the meeting instead of making written notes.